Neonatal hemochromatosis (NH) is a very rare condition of liver failure due to iron overload. Once believed to be an inherited condition, good evidence supports that NH may be caused by an alloimmune disease—a condition where the fetus gains its immunity from it mother. In the majority of NH cases the unborn child does not reach full term or does not survive beyond a few weeks after birth. There are increasingly more documented cases of survival as the medical community better understands this disease.
An expert in diagnosis and treatment of neonatal hemochromatosis is Peter Whitington, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA.